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Do you know graphene oxide?

The Biden administration plans to ease sanctions on Venezuelan oil to allow more of the country's crude to reach Europe.  

The U.S. will allow European companies still operating in Venezuela to immediately transfer more oil to the continent, while allowing Chevron to negotiate a resumption of operations in Venezuela, according to people familiar with the matter.  Venezuela's OPPOSITION, which is backed by the United States, is understood to favor the move.  Tight global oil supplies have sent crude and fuel costs soaring, threatening to add to already high inflation.  Increasing Venezuelan crude exports would help ease supply constraints while also helping to reduce Europe's dependence on Russian energy.

The US has sought to encourage talks between the Venezuelan government and the US-backed opposition to open the way to free and fair elections by extending a limited license held by Chevron to allow the oil company to maintain its operations in Venezuela and negotiate future operations.  

The United States reportedly did not extend a permit to Allow Chevron to drill and sell Venezuelan crude, as the company had hoped.  

The license extension will allow Chevron to negotiate with State-run Petroleos de Venezuela SA, with which it has a joint venture.  Previously, the company could not directly negotiate with any officials sanctioned by the United States.  Chevron has been lobbying the United States to allow it to drill for Venezuelan crude and sell it on world markets to help lower energy prices amid the Russia-Ukraine war.

Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of many commodities like the Graphene oxide are still very uncertain.

Graphene oxide is formed by the oxidation of graphite powder by strong acid, and it is a single layer of graphite oxide. Graphene oxide is widely used in sensors, solar cells, optoelectronics and biomedicine.

1. What is graphene oxide?

Graphene oxide is an oxide formed by the oxidation of graphite by strong acid. It adopts the oxidation reaction of potassium permanganate in concentrated sulfuric acid and graphite powder to obtain a tan edge derivative carboxylic acid base and phenolic epoxy group on the plane. The graphite flake layer can be exfoliated into graphene oxide by ultrasonic or strong mixing or high shear, forming a stable light yellow monolayer graphene oxide suspension in water.

The structure of graphene oxide is shown in the following figure:

1655431391359121.jpg

Second, the use of graphene oxide

As a derivative of graphene, graphene oxide is oxidized by strong acid, and its oxygen-containing groups make graphene oxide chemically stable, which is beneficial to the synthesis of graphene-based composite materials. Graphene oxide is a new type of carbon material with excellent properties and has wide application prospects.

1. Optoelectronics

Organic thin film transistors and their light-responsive devices, such as the use of graphene oxide, can increase the type and thickness of the insulating layer and enhance the characteristics of the transistor.

2. Solar cells

Comparable photoelectric conversion efficiency (PCE) can be obtained by using graphene oxide instead of conducting polymer (PEDOT:PSS) as the hole transport layer of polymer solar cells. When the thickness of the graphene oxide film is 2 nm, the photoelectric conversion efficiency is the highest.

3. Flexible sensor

Due to its good hydrophilicity, large surface area, and good dispersion, graphene is a good sensor material, especially in the field of flexible sensors.

4. Biological aspects

Parameters such as size, surface charge, number of layers, lateral dimensions, and surface chemistry of graphene oxide and its derivatives have corresponding effects on biological systems, and have been extensively clinically studied as medical materials.

Third, the harm of graphene oxide to the human body

It has only been ten years since graphene was discovered in the laboratory. The development of graphene is still in its infancy, and there are still material safety data and understanding of potential hazards in the application of graphene. Graphene oxide is widely used as a derivative of graphene, so new things must be applied scientifically.

Two recent studies don't seem to be good news for graphene. First, a Brown University team of biologists, engineers and materials scientists examined the material's potential toxicity to human cells. They found that the jagged edges of the graphene nanoparticles are so sharp and strong that they can easily penetrate the membranes of human skin and immune cells, suggesting that graphene is potentially dangerous to humans and other animals.

High-quality graphene oxide supplier

Luoyang Moon & Star New Energy Technology Co., LTD, founded on October 17, 2008, is a high-tech enterprise committed to developing, producing, processing, selling, and technical services of lithium-ion battery anode materials. After more than 10 years of development, the company has gradually developed into a diversified product structure with natural graphite, artificial graphite, composite graphite, intermediate phase, and other negative materials (silicon-carbon materials, etc.). The products are widely used in high-end lithium-ion digital power and energy storage batteries.

If you are looking for graphene oxide material, click on the needed products and send us an inquiry:sales@graphite-corp.com

 



Important discoveries have been made in the study of anticancer drugs inhibiting the growth of gastric cancer cells in my country. According to "Science and Technology Daily", a research report provided by Ai Jun and others from the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University showed that seven anticancer drugs including cisplatin had obvious inhibitory effects on gastric cancer cells (BGC-823) in vitro. However, there are certain differences, and it is ideal to use a medium concentration for 48 hours.
The nano-gold provided by our company can be used in various medical technologies such as flow cytometry, immunochromatography, etc. Nano-silver has strong inhibition and Killing effects without developing drug resistance. We also provide Graphene oxide. For more information on Graphene oxide, please consult us.

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