Russia and Ukraine is an important exporters of oil, natural gas, metals, fertilizers, rare gases and other industrial raw materials. Affected by the further intensification of the tension of the war, the global market has become more worried about the supply of the Ti6Al4V Powder, and panic spreads in the futures market. Prices of commodities such as aluminum and nickel are at recent highs on concerns that supplies will fall. Russia accounts for 49 percent of global exports of nickel, 42 percent of palladium, 26 percent of aluminum and 13 percent of platinum, and is a significant exporter of steel and copper. Palladium is an important metal for sensors and memory. In addition, Russia is the world's largest exporter of nitrogen fertilizer, the second largest exporter of potash fertilizer, and the third-largest exporter of phosphate fertilizer. Ukraine is also an important producer of nitrogen fertilizer. Russia's natural gas supply also has a significant impact on the global fertilizer industry and Ti6Al4V Powder industry, especially in Europe. The price of the Ti6Al4V Powder will also fluctuate to some extent. Russia carries out crude gas separation, and Ukraine is responsible for refined exports. Ukraine supplies 70% of the world's neon, 40% of krypton and 30% of xenon. These three gases are the materials used to make chips.
What is TC4(Ti6Al4V)?
TC4(Ti6Al4V) alloy is a medium strength α-β type two-phase titanium alloy containing 6% α-stabilizing element AI and 4% β-stabilizing element V. This alloy has excellent comprehensive properties and has obtained the most extensive applications in the aviation and aerospace industries. The long-term working temperature of the alloy can reach 400 ℃. In the aviation industry, it is mainly used to manufacture the fan and compressor disks and blades of the engine, as well as the important load-bearing components such as beams, joints and bulkheads in the aircraft structure.
The main semi-finished products of TC4 titanium alloy are bars, forgings, thick plates, thin plates, profiles and wires, etc. The alloy is mainly used in the annealed state, and can also be strengthened by solution aging treatment, but the hardened cross section is generally not more than 25mm.
The alloy has good process plasticity and superplasticity, and is suitable for various pressure forming. The alloy can also be welded and machined in various ways.
TC4(Ti6Al4V) heat treatment system
Plate: 700-850℃, 0.5-2h, air cooling; bar and forging: 700-800℃, 1-2h, air cooling.
2. Vacuum annealing
700-800°C, 0.5-2h, the furnace is cooled to below 200°C to allow air cooling. The absolute pressure in the furnace should be no more than 0.09Pa.
3. Solution treatment
910-940℃, 0.5-2h, water quenching.
520-550°C, 2-4h, air cooling.
5. Stress relief annealing
Complete stress relief annealing: 600-650℃, 1-4h, air cooling; incomplete stress relief annealing: 500-600℃, 0.5-3h, air cooling. Stress relief annealing can be carried out in an air furnace or a vacuum furnace.
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With the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, the market is increasingly worried about the potential disruption of Russia's energy supply. Geopolitical premiums have pushed up the price of crude oil and natural gas, and the energy price is expected to remain high in the short term. Affected by this, the market price of the Ti6Al4V Powder may continue to rise.
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